President Mugabe’s speech to 67th UN General Assembly

President Mugabe’s speech to 67th UN General
Assembly
Zimbabwean President Robert
Mugabe accused the
United Nations Security Council of
wielding an “insatiable appetite for
war” as he condemned Nato’s
campaign that helped topple Libya’s
Muammar Gaddafi.

STATEMENT BY HIS EXCELLENCY
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC
OF ZIMBABWE COMRADE ROBERT
GABRIEL MUGABE DURING THE
GENERAL DEBATE OF THE 67TH
SESSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
GENERAL ASSEMBLY: NEW YORK,
SEPTEMBER 26, 2012:

Your Excellency, Mr. Vuk Jeremic,
President of the 67th Session of the
United Nations General Assembly,
Your Majesties,
Your Excellencies, Heads of State and
Government,
Your Excellency, Mr. Ban Ki-Moon,
Secretary General of the United
Nations,
Distinguished Delegates,
Ladies and Gentlemen
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe
addresses the 67th session of the
United Nations General Assembly at
the UN headquarters in New York.
Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe
addresses the 67th session of the
United Nations General Assembly at
the UN headquarters in New York.
On behalf of my delegation and my
own behalf, I extend to Your
Excellency, Mr Jeremic, our warmest
congratulations on your election as
the President of the 67th Session of
the United Nations General
Assembly. Your extensive experience
in both regional and international
affairs will undoubtedly enrich the
debate and proceedings during this
Session. I wish to assure you of the
full cooperation of Zimbabwe as you
discharge the onerous duties of this
high office.
Mr. President,
Let me begin by reaffirming the
rightful and important role of the
United Nations in the management of
issues affecting international peace
and security. In the quest for a more
just and equitable international
order, Zimbabwe strongly opposed to
unilateralism, is committed to
multilateralism. We therefore would
like to see a United Nations that
continues to be a guarantor of world
peace and security, and a bulwark in
the fight for justice mad equality
among nations.
It behoves us all, therefore, to take
the necessary steps to ensure that the
United Nations is not marginalised on
international issues. Equally
important, the United Nations must
in future never allow itself to be
abused by any member state or
group of States that seeks to achieve
parochial partisan goals. The Charter
of the United Nations clearly
stipulates it as an international body
that should work for the good of all
the peoples of the world.
Mr. President,
We recognise that there are existing
and emerging threats and challenges
that continue to frustrate our
individual and collective efforts to
attain greater economic development
and social progress, as well as peace
and security. But the increasing trend
by the NATO States inspired by the
arrogant belief that they are the most
powerful among us, which has
demonstrated itself through their
recent resort to unilateralism and
military hegemony in Libya, is the
very antithesis of the basic principles
of the United Nations. In that case of
Libya, the African Union and its
peace-making role was defied,
ignored and humiliated. May we urge
the international community to
collectively nip this dangerous and
unwelcome aggressive development
before it festers.
In this regard, Mr President, the
theme you have chosen for this
session, namely “Bringing about
Adjustment or Settlement of
International Disputes or Situations
by Peaceful Means,” is very
appropriate. The warmongers of our
world have done us enough harm.
Wherever they have imposed
themselves, chaos in place of peace
has been the result.
The situation created by the Bush-
Blair illegal campaign of aggression
against Iraq has made worse the
conflict between the Sunnies and
Shiats. Leave alone the disastrous
economic consequences of that
unlawful invasion. Libya has been
made equally unstable, following
NATO’s deceitful intervention under
the sham cover of Chapter VII of the
Charter of the United Nations and the
phoney principle of the responsibility
to protect.
Mr. President,
Zimbabwe firmly believes in the
peaceful settlement of disputes
between and among States, in a
manner that is consistent with the
principles and purposes of the United
Nations. In the maintenance of
international peace and security,
much more needs to be done to
prevent conflicts from erupting in the
first place, and to prevent relapses
once a situation has been stabilised.
Beyond deploying adequate
resources to manage conflicts, it is
important to address their
underlying causes, and to pursue,
more proactively, a comprehensive
approach focusing on conflict
prevention, peace-building, peace-
sustenance and development. In
pursuing this cause, my delegation
strongly believes that adherence to
the Charter of the United Nations
should be a solemn obligation of all
Member States.
Mr. President,
We have noticed, with deep regret,
that the provisions of the United
Nations Charter dealing with the
peaceful settlement of disputes, have,
on occasion, been ignored by the
Security Council. In contrast, there
appears to be an insatiable appetite
for war, embargos, sanctions and
other punitive actions, even on
matters that are better resolved
through multilateral cooperation.
Instead of resorting to the peaceful
resolution of disputes, we are daily
witnessing a situation where might is
now right. Mr President, we need to
take stock of the inspiring preamble
to the United Nations Charter, where
the plenipotentiaries who met in San
Francisco in 1945 undertook to “save
succeeding generations from the
scourge of war.” This is especially so
when global events represent a
radical departure from that solemn
and noble declaration as is
happening at present. What do the
NATO Alliance members say about
this? One may ask.
Mr. President,
It is therefore important that the
United Nations Security Council
should respect and support the
decisions, processes and priorities of
regional organisations. In contrast,
recent events, as has already been
stated particularly with reference to
Africa, have demonstrated the scant
regard that is given by the United
Nations and certain powerful
members of the international
community to the pivotal role of
regional organisations. Effective
cooperation between the United
Nations and regional organisations
will only become viable and
sustainable when developed on the
basis of mutual respect and support,
as well as on shared responsibility
and commitment.
Mr. President,
It is regrettable to note that certain
unacceptable concepts are currently
being foisted upon the United Nations
membership, in the absence of inter-
governmental mandates. For
instance, there is no agreement yet
on the concept of “responsibility to
protect,” especially with respect to
the circumstances under which it
might be evoked. We are concerned
by the clear mad growing evidence
that the concept of “responsibility to
protect” has begun to be applied and
seriously abused, thus inevitably
compromising and undermining the
cardinal principle of the sovereignty
of states and the United Nations
Charter principles of territorial
integrity and non-interference in the
domestic affairs of countries.
Mr. President,
For the international community to
successfully deal with global
economic, social, security and
environmental challenges, the
existence of international institutions
to handle them and a culture of
genuine multilateralism are critical.
The United Nations, its specialised
agencies, and international financial
institutions, are the only instruments
available for responding effectively to
the global challenges we face in this
global village. It is therefore critical
that these structures are reformed,
and realigned in response to both
global challenges and our
contemporary realities, in order to
better serve our collective interests.
Mr President,
This august Assembly is the most
representative organ within the
United Nations family. We must
therefore dedicate ourselves to
finding consensus on measures to
revitalise it, so that it fulfils its
mandate in accordance with the
provisions of the Charter. We wish to
reiterate our deep concern that the
mandate, powers and jurisdiction of
the General Assembly are shrinking
as a consequence of the Security
Council gradually encroaching upon
the Assembly’s areas of competence.
This, in our view, upsets the delicate
balance envisaged under the Charter,
and undermines the overall
effectiveness of the United Nations
system. The General Assembly must
remain the main deliberative, policy-
making organ of the United Nations.
Mr. President,
We have been seized with the debate
on the reform of the Security Council
for far too long. My delegation fully
supports the current
intergovernmental negotiations on
the reform and expansion of the
Security Council. However, we wish
to caution against an open-ended
approach which short-changes those
of us from regions that are not
represented at all among the
permanent membership of the
Council.
Zimbabwe stands by Africa’s demand
for two permanent seats complete
with a veto, if the veto is to be
retained, plus two additional non-
permanent seats, as clearly
articulated in the Ezulwini Consensus
and the Sirte Declaration.
For how long, Mr President, will the
international community continue to
ignore the aspirations of a whole
continent of fifty-four countries? We
shall not be bought-off with empty
promises, nor shall we accept some
cosmetic tinkering of the Security
Council disguised as reform. It is
indeed a travesty of justice that the
African continent, which accounts for
almost a third of the membership
represented in this august Assembly,
has no permanent representation in
the Security Council. Is this good
governance? Is this democracy? And,
is this justice?
My delegation condemns
unreservedly, the economic sanctions
imposed against my country and
people in an unjustified effort to deny
them the chance to fully benefit from
their natural resource endowment.
We wish to remind those who have
maintained sanctions against us that
there is international consensus, fully
supported by the Southern African
Development Community, the African
Union, the Non-Aligned Movement
and the rest of the progressive
international community, that these
sanctions must immediately and
unconditionally be lifted.
Mr President, in the interest of
justice, fairness and good relations,
we call on those countries which
have imposed sanctions against us to
review their positions. Zimbabweans
have suffered for too long under
these completely illegal punitive
measures.
Mr. President,
Allow me to conclude by reaffirming
Zimbabwe’s commitment to the
principles that have brought us
together in the United Nations for the
last 67 years. My country is confident
that in this inextricably
interdependent world, our
commitment to the common good,
which this Organisation embodies,
will be resolute and enduring.
Zimbabwe will continue to stand
firm, and to condemn unilateralism,
the imposition of unwarranted and
illegal sanctions on nations, and the
unwarranted extra-territorial
application of national laws.
I thank you.

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